Combining acetaminophen with ibuprofen to provide pain relief after an oral


Acetaminophen is frequently used as an anti-inflammatory non-steroidal drug to treat acute pain. In the past, these medications required to be administered separately, often in different intervals. Maxigesic tablets contain acetaminophen as well as Ibuprofen at doses that are clinically acceptable to make it easier to administer and follow the dosage regimen. We tested this combination with each of the individual medicines for relief from pain following extraction of the three molars.


Adults (more than 16 years) with the wisdom teeth extracted under local or general anesthesia were advised to take two tablets prior surgery, and after which they should take two tablets every 6 hours for up to 48 hours comprising: (i) the combination of 500 mg as well as Ibuprofen 150 mg in a tablet (Maxigesic(r)); (ii) Acetaminophen, 500 mg per tablet on its own or (iii) Ibuprofen 150 mg for each tablet. The primary outcome was the AUC (AUC) from the visual analogue 100mm scale pain measurements made for up to 48 hours following surgery, divided by the time at rest, and also on the level of activity. The data on pharmacokinetics were gathered in the small portion of the patients.


The average (sem) AUC corrected for time at rest and during activity respectively, were mixture groups 22.3 (3.2) as well as 28.4 (3.4) Acetaminophen group 33.0 (3.1) and 40.4 (3.3) Ibuprofen group 34.8 (3.2) as well as 40.2 (3.4); P<0.01 for all four comparisons between combination and the constituent drug. There there was no interaction in pharmacokinetics between the two drugs when administered together.


Maxigesic tablets offer the best pain relief following oral surgery compared to acetaminophen and Ibuprofen by itself.

The alleviation of pain is declared to be an universal human right, but isn’t always easy to achieve. 1 Opioid analgesics can be effective, however they are prone to dangerous and troublesome adverse effects, and their risk of abuse could result in logistical and regulatory problems. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) are less subject to restrictions on their use, but they also have significant adverse reactions that are more likely to occur at a higher doses or longer-term courses. 2 Acetaminophen is widely used and extremely safe when taken at the recommended dose of 4 grams daily, 3 but it is not always able to provide sufficient relief from pain on its own. Combining analgesics can offer the chance of increasing effectiveness, without increasing dosage (and thus risk). The NSAIDs are frequently mixed with acetaminophen. This is particularly to treat postoperative pain.

Prescription of acetaminophen as well as ibuprofen as a pair is common the clinical setting. Ibuprofen has the benefit of having a proven safety history (particularly in doses less than 1.5 g daily in adults) and, in a number of nations (including in the UK) it is sold without prescription. Acetaminophen is typically given in a dosage of 1 g every 6 hours and ibuprofen is administered in doses of 400 mg per hour. It is important to adhere to the prescribed dosing regimen is crucial to achieving the desired outcome for any medication and can be a buying oxycontin online when using asynchronous dosing. A single drug that has a simpler regimen will likely be well-liked by patients and could help improve the compliance.

Maxigesic(r) can be described as a brand new formulation of acetaminophen, 500 mg and Ibuprofen 150 mg. The consumption of two tablets every six hours gives the proper amount of the two medications quite easily. We’ve investigated the possibility that in adult patients who undergo the common surgical procedure (extraction of the third molars) the formulation will provide superior analgesia over the components of it alone.


With the approval of our ethics committee, we recruited and monitored patients from March 2005 to February 2008. Trial registration: ANZCTR.ORG.AU (identifier: ACTRN12606000291583).


The study was conducted at an educational hospital that is funded by the public and a private day-surgical facility in the metropolitan area of New Zealand.


We included all adults who underwent the extraction from at minimum one wisdom tooth or without upper wisdom teeth, performed by three surgeons. We excluded patients if they were under 16 yr old; weighed <50 kg; had taken any NSAID (other than aspirin in a dose of 150 mg daily or less) within 24 h of the operation; had taken acetaminophen or acetaminophen containing medicines within 12 h of the operation; were taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, warfarin, steroid (other than interoperative dexamethasone), or any immunosuppressive drug; were intolerant to any NSAID or acetaminophen; were suffering from a severe local infection; had a history of peptic ulceration, asthma, or severe haemopoetic, renal or hepatic disease; were participating in the investigation of another experimental agent; or if the clinician believed for any other reason that participation in the study might not be in their best interests.

Blinding and randomization

Tablets of the same appearance packaging, size, and instructions were given in the below dosages (i) the acetaminophen dosage of 500 mg+ ibuprofen 150 mg/tablet (Maxigesic(r); Sigma Laboratories, Nashik, India which was MHRA certified for the manufacture of pharmaceuticals according to GMP); (ii) 500 mg of acetaminophen per tablet or (iii) Ibuprofen 150 mg/tablet.

Patients were initially contacted by the surgeon, and later through the nurse who was studying. They were provided with written and oral information on the study, and then invited to take part. If they agreed, the patients were randomized to one of 3 study group in sequence procedure for each of the formulations, which were delivered in blinded packages. The sequence of randomization was created by the statistician for the study in a 1:1 of the three treatments within a sequence of permuted blocks, with stratification based on anaesthetic type (local and general) and the study center. The stratification based on anaesthetic type allowed for the balance of treatment in terms of the amount of teeth removed, since the majority of patients with greater than 2 teeth removed use an general anaesthetic. Only the statistician was able to gain access to the patient’s schedule numbers through the drug allocation. Investigators and participants were blinded. The randomly generated code could not be broken until the last database was examined and locked.


Participants were instructed to consume two tablet of study medication prior to surgery (as as close as is possible to the time of the procedure) and then take it 4 times daily (as as close as is possible to a 6 hour time frame) from 6 to 24 hours after surgery. The participants received Bupivacaine local anaesthetic blocks from surgeons. For those who were under general anaesthesia, it was instigated by propofol and then maintained by isoflurane and nitrogen oxide in oxygen. Monitoring was conducted in line to the guidelines of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists. 16 All extractions were performed by three surgeons using the same procedure.

If the patients needed additional postoperative pain relief during their stay in the hospital, a temporary dose of fentanyl (10 mg) was administered i.v. in the event of. Following discharge the codeine was administered (again as a relief medication) in tablets of 30 mg 1 to 2 tablets to be consumed as needed up to four hours in a row.


They were then asked rate their pain using 100mm visual analogue scales (VAS) and which were printed on a double-page in a book they brought to home. Ratings were required at the beginning of the study (immediately prior to taking the study’s first dose of medication) and after the treatment (once participants were awake to take note) and every 1-2 hours after that, if awake for 48 hours. The study nurse kept in contact with the participants via phone to help ensure the collection of data and to ensure that diaries were returned.

The main outcome measure is the AUC (AUC) of the VAS ratings, divided by the time of day, at rest and on activities. This AUC is divided into the time of the assessments that were completed to account for the fact that some patients reported more pain for shorter durations than others. This method of calculation produces an average of pain intensity throughout the duration of the study.

Secondary outcome measures of efficacy included: a categorical global pain rating of the participants, recorded at the conclusion of the study and consumption of analgesics to relieve pain during the course of the study and a categorical global buy oxycontin online of nausea from participants at the conclusion of the study period as well as the number of instances of vomiting during the course of study as well as a rating of sleep disturbances on the basis of a100 mm VAS assessed after each night during the study period. In addition, participants were asked to rate their experiences of participating in the study.

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